Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Athletic Nutrition Checklist: Hydration… Protein… Electrolytes…

Hydration and proper nutrition is vital to helping athletes perform to the best of their ability. School Health has the products you need to stock athlete fueling stations WITHOUT fighting the big box stores.

Each day our athletes are called on to complete feats of strength, stamina, and endurance. Through training, athletes become stronger and more physically tuned. But for peak performance, it is important to include nutrition and hydration as part of our basic training regimen.

In 2014 the NCAA Division I deregulated restrictions on sports nutrition, allowing student athletes unlimited access to meals and snacks related to sports participation. With the sudden unfettered ability to fuel athletes, many athletic departments have been scrambling to create nutrition programs for the athletes they serve. As they try to keep supplement supplies stocked, many athletic trainers have resorted to big-box store shopping, which means last minute trips and costly purchasing.

School Health has worked to gather the best supplements to fuel athletic teams. And, with a School Health Supply List, keeping nutrition items stocked is easier than ever. With supply lists, athletes and athletic trainers can build customized lists of their favorite products, and even select automatic delivery!

Here is a quick reference to help athletes and athletic trainers know which products to use and when.
  • Before and during a workout an athlete’s body requires high amounts of carbohydrates to saturate muscles with glycogen that fuel performance and provide endurance. Supplements like the Clif Shot Bloks Electrolyte Chews are a great way to get these carbohydrates in to your system.
  • After a workout, protein helps facilitate repair and recovery of fatigued tissues. It’s easy to get this protein on-the-go with the LUNA Protein Bars.
And at all times athletes must maintain proper hydration to ensure that they stay strong and safe. Athletes can carry The Right Stuff concentrated drink additive – an easy way to add electrolyte rich hydration to your favorite water bottle!

Proper nutrition is also an integral part of building muscle mass, losing weight, and maintaining energy levels throughout the year, even when athletes are not training. Try CLIF Bar nutrition bars for a delicious and convenient way to maintain nutrition.

Here are some key tips to remember when integrating nutrition and hydration products into a daily training schedule:
  •  Pre-event meals should take place 2-4 hours before an event, and then “topped off” with a high carbohydrate product like the Gatorade Prime sports drink 30-60 minutes before the event.
  • During exercise, athletes should consume 16-24 oz of water or sports drink per hour. To stay hydrated, a good rule of thumb is for athletes to consume at least half of their body weight in fluid ounces (preferably water) per day. The School Health Horizontal Power System is an ideal solution to provide side-by-side water and sports drink hydration.
  •  During high performance or in warmer temperatures when sweat rates are heavy, athletes can consume a high sodium snack or sports drink to stay hydrated.
  •  Research has shown that recovery shakes and snacks are most effective within 30-60 minutes of a workout. We recommend products like the Gatorade Protein Recovery Shakes.
  • Recovery products should have a 2:1 ratio of carbohydrates and protein. We recommend the First String Blast Protein Powder as a great way to gain this ratio.
Athletes who have long training sessions and burn extreme amounts of energy can see increased performance by using these recommended supplements.

School Health – Sports Medicine offers many other options to stock your nutrition and hydration station. Contact us today to tailor a delivery that fuels your team. 

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

10 Must-Have Features When Selecting an ECG System

Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading medical cause of death in athletes. A simple electrocardiogram (ECG) is a cost-effective method for identifying those at risk, far more effective than a physical exam and a review of medical history. There are many ECG manufacturers, and picking the right system for your needs can be challenging. Many organizations using older equipment face unmet needs that have led to cluttered and inefficient filing cabinets filled with paper. To remedy this, they must re-invest in appropriate technology.

This article highlights 10 key capabilities that are important considerations for your long term ECG system needs.

1. Digital Data. Digitally capturing every data element, observation, ECG trace, physician note, echo measurement and so on provides the flexibility that allows you to meet future and changing needs. Digital data will support your efforts in assessing program efficacy, process improvement, reporting and research studies. Don’t settle for just a 12-lead printout!

2. Customized Demographic Fields. Every organization has unique data collection needs: parent’s email address, clinic identifiers, medical illness, exercise frequency and so on. Customizable options for text entry and selection from drop-down lists are essential.

3. American Heart Association (AHA) 14 Point PPE questionnaire. The AHA recommends including these questions in the athlete’s Pre-Participation Exam. Important findings should be annotated on the ECG. For example, presence of syncope or chest pain while exercising might lead to a different recommendation or a second look at an ECG feature.

4. Modern Interpretation Criteria: The Seattle Criteria. The expected abnormal ECG rate is about 2%. Blinded studies demonstrate that it is uncommon for any physician to consistently read every record with an accuracy of 98– 100%. Obsolete ECG criteria that routinely provide misleading and inaccurate interpretations can distract the physician and reduce reading accuracy. Automatic interpretation using the recent Seattle Criteria provides strong physician support, similar to a consulting cardiologist assist, increasing accuracy and confidence that subtle features are appropriately noted and diagnosed.

5. Network Friendly, HIPAA Secure, Distributed Physician Overreading. The reviewing physician is often not onsite, or a consulting cardiologist may be required. Easy and secure network sharing and review of the ECG and associated digital data is an important consideration.

6. Post-Test Demographic Editing and Data Entry. Blunders happen, and the system needs to support post-test editing of errors and omissions and the addition of late arriving information.

7. Confirmed ECG PDF. Following physician review, a confirmed PDF of the ECG is generally required for the medical records, referring family physician and family. The confirmed ECG should include the physician’s name, date of confirmation, ECG status (Normal, Abnormal, etc), and physician comments. Creating the confirmed ECG PDF requires the digital ECG data and software tools that support electronic over reading.

8. Pre-Loaded Demographic Data. In large screening events entering the patient demographic information may be a time burden. When available in advance, it can be extremely helpful to pre-load these data so that just a mouse click populates the data entry screen. Importing an Excel spreadsheet is a convenient and efficient mechanism for this task. 

9. Cohort Reporting. Easy creation of an Excel spreadsheet containing all demographic data, responses to AHA questions, ECG measurements, abnormalities found, doctor’s confirmation notes, billing information, echo measurements, and so on is fundamental for managing and improving the screening process and research.

10. Software Updates. Over the past few years the accuracy and effectiveness of the ECG in identifying athletes at risk has dramatically improved. False positive rates have fallen from 15-20% to about 2%. This is an exciting and productive time for research focused on improving the sensitivity and specificity of the athlete ECG to detect life threatening abnormalities. Be sure your system can easily be updated to benefit from new insights, and be sure your vendor is actively participating in ECG research.
Perhaps this comes as no surprise, CardeaScreen scores a perfect 10, and is extremely easy to use! Watch the CardeaScreen video below:

Sports Health offers the CardeaScreen as a solution to help identify young athletes who are at risk of cardiac issues, at pricing well below many other systems on the market.

View the CardeaScreen and call us to talk about how the CardeaScreen can be a solution for you.

This blog has been written by David Hadley, PhD. President, Cardea Associates, Inc. 

Friday, September 12, 2014

Sports Health Video Contest Winners Announced

Congratulations to the Winners of the "Every Athlete Deserves an Athletic Trainer" Video Contest!

Our judging panel truly appreciated the hard work that everyone put in to the creation of their videos. We hope that these videos will help bring awareness to the important role of the athletic trainer in our nation's schools and on the sidelines.

The winners below will receive a Sports Health Gift Card for their school to be used for sports medicine supplies and equipment. The Grand Prize winner will receive a $3,000 Gift Card, 1st place will receive a $1,500 Gift Card, and Runner-Up will receive a $500 Gift Card.

Watch the winning videos below:

Grand Prize

Alyssa Fredericks
Durango High School
Durango, CO

1st place

Meghan Chura
Henninger High School
Baldwinsville, NY


Paige Erland
Harper College
Palatine, IL

Follow us on Facebook and Twitter to find out about future contests and giveaways from Sports Health!

Monday, July 14, 2014

Using foam rollers for therapy and conditioning? Try these helpful tips to maximize your results!

How to Properly Roll Out When Using Foam Rollers

How to use foam rollers
  • Make sure you are well hydrated- While rolling actually hydrates your tissue, you still need to prepare your muscles in advance – it is best to drink 10 to 20 ounces of water before each session.
  • Roll both before and after workouts- Rolling can replace stretching as a warm up and cool down.  Rolling increases circulation so muscles and connective tissue get more oxygen and water than if one just stretched.
  • Roll slowly- Rolling can hurt.  However, if you rush through each movement, you are wasting the chance to work your muscle tissue.  Use slow, purposeful motions. Focus on painful areas first because they need the most attention, hydration, nutrients, and oxygen.
  • Move in multiple directions-Not all muscles and connecting tissue run in the same direction, or even in a straight line.  Go from side to side, not just up and down.  Rub the spot being rolled.  Flex and extend the joint being rolled. 
  • Roll out daily- Make rolling part of your daily routine.  It will help your muscles and connective tissue, and eventually lessen pain you feel from rolling out.

Rolling out can be very advantageous for your muscles during sports and physical therapy. Here are a few things to avoid so that you are getting the most out of your foam rolling technique! 
  • Don't roll directly where there is pain- Roll a few inches away from the area that is sensitive.  Take your time, and work in the region around sore areas.
  • Don't roll too fast- Go slower so that the surface layers and muscles have time to adapt and manage the compression.  Use short, slow rolls over any sensitive spots.
  • Don't spend too much time on one knot- Spend 20 seconds on each knot, and then move on.  You can also manage how much body weight you use on the knots to take some of the weight off the roller.
  • Practice proper posture- You need to hold your body in certain positions over the roller.  That requires a lot of strength.  If you do not pay attention to form or posture, you may actually cause harm.
  • Don't use the foam roller on your lower back-  You can use the foam roller on your upper back because the shoulder blades and muscles protect the spine.  Stop once you hit the end of the rib cage. 
Sports Health offers several options for foam rollers, please visit our website to see which product is best for you!

Shop foam rollers >> 

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

An Orthopedic Surgeon’s Solution for Treating Soft-Tissue Injuries

Dr. Riley J. Williams III,
About the author: Dr. Riley J. Williams III, MD is an orthopedic surgeon, academic, and clinician-scientist specializing in the field of shoulder, knee, and elbow surgery.  Since 1993, Dr. Williams has been affiliated with the Hospital for Special Surgery (“HSS”), the #1 rated Orthopedic Surgery Hospital according to U.S. News and World Report, where he is also Director of the HSS Cartilage Institute.  Dr. Williams is inventor of Therma1™ and Chief Medical Officer, Head of Product Development, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of R2T2 Laboratories Inc., the company that markets Therma1™.  Dr. Williams graduated from Yale College and Stanford Medical School, where he won top medical science research awards.  Dr. Williams is team physician for the Brooklyn Nets and NY Red Bulls, and he has been associated with professional football and baseball teams.

The Science Behind Using Hot/Cold Therapy, Compression and Massage to Heal Soft-Tissue Injuries

I am an orthopedic surgeon, sports medicine physician, advisor to elite athletes, and pro sports team doctor.  I’m also a scientist.  When I invented Therma1, I based it on the science of recovery.

It is well documented that cold therapy or compression reduces inflammatory response. Recent studies indicate that soft-tissue compression combined with local temperature alterations demonstrate significant enhancement in the healing potential of soft-tissue injuries.

It is also well known that heat therapy or compression/massage increase tissue compliance.  Studies show that controlled increases in thermal temperature have a significant effect on the tensile properties of skeletal muscle, which results in increased joint range of motion and reduced muscle tension that help reduce potential muscle strain injuries.  Other studies demonstrate that warm and more compliant muscles absorb more energy than non-stimulated muscle tissue, which results in improved resistance to biomechanical load. 

The Need for a Unique New Therapy Device Turns into an Invention

My observations of scientific evidence, decades of sports medicine experience including thousands of patients and surgeries, and dialogues with sports therapy experts such as pro sports athletic trainers, physical therapists, and chiropractors, led to the invention of the Therma1 Hot Cold Roller.  The goal of the design was to provide all four critical musculoskeletal therapy treatment modalities (heat, cold, compression and massage) in one portable, easy-to-use device – something that no other product on the market offered.  The U.S. Patent Office recognized Therma1’s innovative and unique qualities and granted a design patent last year.

The Therma1’s size and shape was designed specifically to make it easier to treat hard to reach spots, as well as help pinpoint trouble spots and deliver trigger point therapy. In my experience, there was a lack of products on the market with this ability.

What Makes the Therma1 Hot Cold Roller Different from...

Massagers or foam rollers?  Its ability to deliver heat and cold therapy

Ice packs and heat pads? Its ability to deliver rolling compression and massage

Continuous-flow cold therapy machines? The dynamic nature of Therma1 Hot Cold Roller treatment modality makes the likelihood of thermal injury very low.

How to Use Therma1 in a Sports Medicine Setting

  • As a natural Performance Enhancement Device (PED) – Use Therma1 before activity to increase tissue compliance.
  • To treat nagging injuries, such as:
    • Patellar tendonitis
    • Calf strain
    • Shin splints
    • IT Band syndrome
    • Strains in the forearms, biceps, triceps and neck area
    • Quad and hamstring strains

Therma1should be used in regiments of two – ten minutes, usually in combination with static therapy.  The treatment regiments should be repeated throughout the day as desired. 

How Therma1 Benefits Athletic Trainers

  • Increases patient compliance (one of the leading drags on patient recovery time is noncompliance with prescribed therapies).
  • Patients can use it on themselves or athletic trainers can roll the player (patients don’t need to contort the body to apply therapy like other rollers)
  • You never have to worry about frostbite or heat burns
  • Non-toxic, simply rinse spills if they get on skin

Tips for Buying Therma1 Products:

Therma1 comes in Recharge and Instant models.

Therma1Recharge – Comes with two rollers. The rollers can be placed in the freezer or microwave.

Therma1 Instant - Provides portability and convenience with its Instant Hot and Cold packs.  Each Therma1Instant model comes with one Recharge Roller, one Instant Roller, and a dozen Instant packs. The Instant Roller has a removable end-cap that accommodates a Therma1™ Instant Hot or Cold pack.

When using Therma1 for cold therapy, keep the following in mind:
Therma1™ Recharge (freezer) achieves colder temperatures than Therma1™ Instant (cold pack).  When left in a typical freezer overnight, Therma1 Recharge reaches sub 10 degree temperatures and holds a sub twenty degree temperature for approximately twenty minutes with recommended intermittent use (two – ten minute increments, followed by two minute “rest”).  For best results when treating acute injuries, use the Therma1Recharge when possible. 

If you do not have a Therma1 Recharge handy, Therma1Instant with Therma1cold packs can be used to decrease local tissue temperatures; studies show decreases in local tissue temperatures stimulate an effective anti-inflammatory response.  However, I recommend Instant Cold packs be used only when a cold Recharge Roller is not available.

Learn more about purchasing the Therma1 Thermal Therapy Device and Watch Demonstration Videos >>

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Body Composition- The Basics

How much you weigh can be a heavy problem- but have you considered your body composition?

 Body composition refers to the proportion of fat and fat-free mass in the body. Those with a higher proportion of fat-free mass (muscle, bone)  to a lower proportion of body fat have a healthy body composition.

Obesity, Thinness, Leanness. What's the difference?

  • "Obesity" refers to having excessive body fat leading to serious health issues such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, joint problems, as well as heart and breathing issues.
  • "Leanness" refers to the muscle, bone, and fat composition of your body weight. Although some lean individuals may actually weigh more than their "tabled" ideal body weight, low body fat lessens the risk of health problems. 
  • "Thinness" simply refers to weighing less than the recommended values in age-height-weight tables.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years. The CDC states that childhood/adolescent obese children are likely to become obese adults. Eating and exercise (or lack thereof) habits learned as a child and adolescent may be difficult to undo as a working adult, stressing the importance of encouraging our students and athletes to live healthy and active lifestyles.

Many athletes may be categorized as overweight or even obese on some charts due to their muscle weight in relationship to their height. While it is mildly important to know how much you weigh, it is much more important to know how much of what you weigh is fat. Our bodies need a specific amount of fat to function, but not too much.

Ways to assess your body composition, and body fat percentage, include measurement with calipers and composition analyzers,  body mass index tables, underwater body fat tests ,and the bioletrical impedence analysis (BIA). Sports Health offers a variety of body composition tools such as body scales with BMI functionbody composition analyzers, and BMI calculators.

BIA measures how difficult it is for an electrical current to move through the body. The electrical current is so small that most people cannot feel anything. The more body fat one has, the harder it is for the electrical current to flow through the body. The less fat one has, the easier it is for the electrical current to flow through the body. This means your body's fat stops (impedes) this controlled electrical current, allowing the technician to assess your percent body fat.

The body mass index, BMI, is used to calculate a person’s body fat content based on his or her weight and height. The World Health Organization (WHO) has used the tool to calculate obesity rates since the 1980s. Despite its popularity, one major shortcoming of the test is that it doesn’t take into account frame size or muscularity of the athlete. Therefore, even a professional athlete may fall into the “obese” range on the index scale because of the weight of muscle on his or her frame.  The CDC has BMI calculators for adults and children- where do your students and athletes fall on the chart compared to their body composition?

Adult BMI Calculator
Children’s BMI Calulator

This blog was written by Phil Hossler, ATC. Phil has been an athletic trainer on the scholastic, collegiate and Olympic levels. He has authored 4 books and numerous articles and served as an officer in state and regional athletic training associations for 20 years. He is a member of four halls of fame including the National Athletic Trainers’ Association’s.

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

The Case for Adding the ECG to Pre-Participation Exams

Sudden Death in Athletes – Not so Rare!

The leading medical cause of death in athletes is Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA). Although the purpose of the athlete Pre-Participation Exam (PPE), including review of the patient and family medical history and a brief physical exam, is to identify cardiovascular abnormalities that could progress to SCA, recent research has shown that the PPE does a particularly poor job of identifying risks. Conventional wisdom has proclaimed that including an Electrocardiogram (ECG) into the PPE to aid in finding those at-risk athletes is difficult, SCA is a rare event, and faulty initial evaluations (false positives) lead to unnecessary costs that would bankrupt the nation. But, as in most areas of health and science, technology and research can herald a new era. It’s time to take a fresh look at the value that can be garnered from the low-cost and highly sensitive ECG.

Who’s at Risk? 

Many screening organizations are reporting meaningful data on detection rates for cardiac abnormalities. It’s common to find that 2-3% of all participants actually have an ECG abnormality, compared to approximately 30 % of all participants who report abnormal findings in their medical history. Most of these abnormalities are unlikely to lead to SCA or disqualification from sports, but a significant number of them will impact the health of the participants over the course of their lives. Early detection can have a very positive impact on their lifetime health management. About 10 % of the abnormal group, or 1 in about 250 participants, have abnormalities that are strongly associated with SCA and follow-up is highly recommended.  Risks are also stratified by gender, ethnicity and sport:

Relative Risk Higher Lower
3x Athletes Non-Athletes
2x Males Females
3x African-Americans Caucasians
6.7x Men's Basketball All Sports

Sports that are characterized by sudden surges of energy, such as basketball, water polo and soccer, carry much higher risk than sports characterized by relatively constant effort, such as cross-country.  For an African-American male basketball player, the risk of death during 4 years of college play is about 1/1000, much higher than for other groups. These are risk levels that most of us would not knowingly accept.  It’s unconscionable to argue that high risk-athletes shouldn't be screened!

Where Do We Start?

Available budget resources will guide how you begin a screening program that includes ECG.  We recommend that you initially gain experience and proficiency screening the higher-risk sports, with considerations for gender and ethnicity, with the goal of potentially saving the most lives possible with the available resources.  As efficiency and organizational support grow, you can extend the screening to a broader segment of your athletes.  The total cost of an ECG should be in the $10-$25 range, depending upon your providers – a fraction of the cost of a pair of athletic shoes.

What ECG system should we use?

Most ECG systems implement automatic interpretation criteria that are outdated with respect to the best current consensus criteria for athletes, often referred to as the “Seattle Criteria,” ( Drezner, et al, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013). Use of these criteria have dropped false positive rates from around 12-15 % down to about 2 %, a factor of about 7x.  Although most cardiologists believe they can read an ECG correctly every time, recent blinded studies show that they are often in error 4 to 15 % of the time (reading based upon experience = 15 % error rate; reading based upon specific criteria with examples = 4 %).  An ECG device that implements the Seattle Criteria and is designed from the ground-up to deliver high-quality trace data, leveraging the tremendous data analysis capabilities of the modern PC, and with extended ECG recording time to improve beat estimates from bradycardic athletes, leads to much improved accuracy.  CardeaScreen is such a system and is being rapidly adopted in screening programs across America.

Sports Health would like to thank David Hadley, PhD, for writing this blog for us.
David Hadley, PhD
Dr. Hadley has over 30 years of hands-on experience blending customer needs with 
information technology through research and development. He spent nine years as Vice President of Research and Development for Quinton Cardiology. In this role, Dr. Hadley was responsible for rebuilding the engineering team, establishing robust new product architectures and developing the next generation of Quinton and Burdick diagnostic ECG products.
Prior to his role at Quinton Cardiology, Dr. Hadley was with Primus Knowledge Solutions and Sierra Geophysics. He earned his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology.